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Aero L-39 Albatros (2 of 7)

Aero L-39 Albatros (2 of 7)


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Aero L-39 Albatros (2 of 7)

Aero L-39 Albatros jet trainer, seen at an airshow in the 1980s


Aero L-39 Albatros (2 of 7) - History



























Aero Vodochody L-59 &ldquoSuper Albatros&rdquo
Czechoslovak, Two-seat Basic and Advanced Jet Trainer

Aero L-59 &ldquoSuper Albatros&rdquo Overview [2]

  • Aero L-59 &ldquoSuper Albatros&rdquo
  • Role: Military trainer aircraft COIN
  • Manufacturer: Aero Vodochody
  • First flight: 30 September 1986
  • Status: Out of production, in service
  • Primary users: Czech Air Force, Egyptian Air Force, Tunisian Air Force
  • Produced: 1986–1996
  • Developed from: Aero L-39 &ldquoAlbatros&rdquo
  • Variants: Aero L-159 &ldquoAlca&rdquo

The Aero L-59 &ldquoSuper Albatros&rdquo is a Czech military trainer aircraft developed from the firm's earlier L-39 &ldquoAlbatros&rdquo. Compared to its predecessor, it featured a strengthened fuselage, longer nose, a vastly updated cockpit, advanced avionics (including head-up display), and a more powerful engine. At the time of its first flight on 30 September 1986, it was designated the L-39MS. Aero no longer produces this aircraft.

In 1992, a dedicated single-seat attack variant was proposed under the project name ALCA (Advanced Light Combat Aircraft), and was successfully marketed to the Czech Air Force. First flight of this variant, designated L-159A, was on 2 August 1997. The aircraft features mostly Western avionics, with systems integration undertaken by Boeing. Since then a new two-seat trainer has been flown as the L-159B &ldquoAlbatros II.&rdquo

Variants [2]

  • L-59 &mdash Standard production version (six L-39MS for Czechoslovak Air Force). Later four in Czech Air Force, two in Slovak Air Force.
  • L-59E &mdash Export version for Egypt. 49 × L-59s for Egyptian Air Force.
  • L-59T &mdash Export version for Tunisia. 12 × L-59s for Tunisian Air Force.

Operators [2]

  • Egypt &mdash Egyptian Air Force 48 delivered in 1993-1994.
  • Tunisia &mdash Tunisian Air Force 12 delivered in 1995-1996.

Combat History

In April 2014, Tunisian L-59s were used in reconnaissance and COIN strikes in support of major military offensives in the border region of Mount Chaambi against Ansar al-Sharia and al-Qaeda-linked militants that aim at destabilizing Tunisia's transition to democracy.

Aero Vodochody L-59E &ldquoSuper Albatros&rdquo Specifications and Performance Data [3]

  • Originally known as L-39MS.
  • First flight of X-22 prototype (OK-184) 30 September 1986.
  • Two more prototypes (X-24, X-25) flown 26 June and 6 October 1987.
  • First flight of production L-39MS, 1 October 1989.
  • First flight prototype L-59E, April 1992.
  • Deliveries of L-59E began (two aircraft) 29 January 1993.
  • L-39MS: Initial production version for Czech and Slavic Air Force.
  • L-39E: Production version for Egyptian Air Force, generally as L-39MS but with Western avionics. &ldquoDetailed description applies to this version.&rdquo
  • Main changes are a reinforced fuselage.
  • New and more powerful engine.
  • Upgraded avionics.
  • More pointed nose.
  • Generally as L-39C except that ailerons and elevators have Czech-designed irreversible power controls and no tabs.
  • Generally as for L-39C except for light alloy/honeycomb sandwich ailerons and elevators, and reinforced fuselage.

Landing Gear

  • Czech design gas/oil shock absorption.
  • K36 main wheels (610 × 215 mm) and K37 nose wheel (465 × 180 mm).
  • Main wheel tire pressure 6.0 bars (87 psi) on clean aircraft, 8.0 bars (116 psi) on combat equipped version.
  • Corresponding nose wheel tire pressures are 3.5 bars (51 psi) and 4.5 bars (65 psi).
  • Six-piston, air-cooled hydraulic disc brakes on main wheels, with electronic anti-skid units.

Power Plant

  • One 21.57 kN (4,850 lb st) Progress (Lotarev/ZVL) DV-2 turbofan.
  • Internal fuel in fuselage tanks (total 1,077 L: 284.5 US gallons: 237 Imp gallons and two 230 L (60.8 US gallons: 50.6 Imp gallon) non-jettisonable wing tanks.
  • Provision for two under wing (inboard) 150 or 350 L (39.6 or 92.5 US gallons: 33 or 77 Imp gallon) drop tanks.

Accommodation

  • Crew of two and tandem on Czech VS-2 zero/zero ejection seats.
  • One-piece canopy, hinged at rear and opening upward.
  • Cockpits pressurized (max overpressure 0.30 bar 4.35 psi) and air-conditioned, using engine bleed air (25 L/min 0.883 ft³/min) and cooling unit.
  • Automatic temperature control from 15°C to 30°C.
  • Hydraulic system comprises first and second subsystems each with engine driven variable flow pump with operating pressure of 150 bars (2,175 psi), max flow rate 25 L/min (6.6 US gal/min 5.5 Imp gal/min).
  • Emergency hydraulic pump for second subsystem driven by APU.
  • Main (9 kW) and standby (6 kW) generators for electrical power, plus 25 Ah nickel-cadmium battery.
  • Gaseous oxygen system for crew.
  • Saphir 5M APU for engine starting and drive of standby hydraulic pump and generator.
  • LPR 80 VHF/UHF com radio with intercom
  • LUN 3524 standby radio
  • Bendix/King KNS 660 flight management system
  • KNR 634 VOR
  • KTU 709 Tacan
  • KDF 806 ADF
  • KRA 405 radar altimeter
  • KLN 670 GPS
  • KXP 756 transponder
  • KAH 460 AHRS
  • KAD 480 air data system
  • EFS 40 EFIS
  • Flight Visions F-200 HUD and admission computer with video camera in front cockpit and monitor in rear cockpit
  • Single 20-barrel 23 mm GSh gun in under fuselage pod below front cockpit.
  • Ammunition (150 rounds) housed in fuselage.
  • Four underwing hard points, inner ones each with 500 kg (1,102 lb) capacity, outer ones each 250 kg (551 lb) capacity.
  • Underwing stores of former Soviet types, including bombs of up to 500 kg size and UB-16-57M (57 mm) rocket launchers.
  • Wing span, including tip tanks: 9.54 m (31 ft 3½ in)
  • Wing cord at root: 2.80 m (9 ft 2¼ in)
  • Wing cord at tip: 1.40 m (4 ft 7 in)
  • Wing aspect ratio (geometric): 4.4
  • Wing aspect ratio (including tip tanks): 5.2
  • Length overall: 12.20 m (40 ft 0¼ in)
  • Height overall: 4.77 m (15 ft 7¼ in)
  • Tailplane span: 4.40 m (14 ft 5 in)
  • Wheel track: 2.44 m (4 ft 4¾ in)
  • Wheelbase: 4.39 m (14 ft 4¾ in)
  • Wings, gross: 18.80 m² (202.36 ft²)
  • Ailerons (total): 1.686 m² (18.15 ft²)
  • Trailing-edge flaps (total) 2.68 m² (28.89 ft²)
  • Air brakes (total): 0.50 m² (5.38 ft²)
  • Fin: 2.60 m² (27.99 ft²)
  • Rudder, including tab: 0.91 m² (9.80 ft²)
  • Tailplane: 4.15 m² (44.64 ft²)
  • Elevators, including tabs: 1.14 m² (12.27 ft²)

Weights and Loadings

  • Weight Empty (trainer , including GSh-23 gun): 4,030 kg (8,885 lb)
  • Max fuel weight, internal (including wingtip tanks): 1,200 kg (2,645 lb)
  • Max fuel weight, external (two 350 L drop tanks): 544 kg (1,199 lb)
  • Maximum T-O weight (trainer, clean with external stores): 7,000 kg (15,432 lb)
  • Maximum landing weight (on concrete): 6,000 kg (13,228 lb)
  • Max wing loading (clean): 286.7 kg/m² (58.72 lb/ft²)
  • Max wing loading at 7,000 kg (15,432 lb) with max T-O weight: 372.34 kg/m² (76.26 lb/ft²)
  • Max power loading (clean): 249.82 kg/kN (2.45 lb/lb st)
  • Max power loading at 7,000 kg (15,432 lb) at max T-O weight: 372.34 kg/m² (76.26 lb/lb st)

Performance (at max trainer clean T-O weight)

  • Max limiting Mach number: 0.82
  • Max level speed at 5,000 m (16,400 ft): 467 knots (865 km/h 537 mph)
  • Stalling speed with flaps up: 116 knots (215 km/h 134 mph)
  • Stalling speed with flaps down: 100 knots (185 km/h 115 mph)
  • Max rate of climb at S/L: 1680 m/m (5,510 ft/m)
  • Service ceiling: 7800 m (38,725 ft)
  • T-O run: 590 m (1,936 ft)
  • Landing run: 770 m (2,527 ft)
  • Range at 7,000 m (22,975 f) with max internal and external fuel (1,744 kg 384 lb): 1,079 nm (2,000 km 1,243 miles)
  1. Shupek, John. &ldquoAero Vodochody L-59&rdquo The Skytamer Archive, Copyright © 2013 Skytamer Images. All Rights Reserved
  2. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Aero L-59 Super Albatros
  3. Lambert, Mark. &ldquoAero: Aero L-59&rdquo Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1993-94. Jane's Information Group, Alexandria, VA, ISBN 0 7106 1066 1, 1994, pg. 64-65 Print

Copyright © 1998-2020 (Our 22 nd Year) Skytamer Images, Whittier, California
All rights reserved


Aero L-39 Albatros (2 of 7) - History

The L-39NG represents a new generation of modern and cost effective jet trainer based on the historical heritage of the provenand reliable L-39 Albatros. The L-39NG design reflects valuable input from our customers and is in accordance withthe current and future needs of air forces around the world. Designed primarily as a basic and advanced jet trainer,the L-39NG can also perform a variety of other missions including light combat, close air support, counterinsurgency and reconnaissance.

L-39NG is a project concerning a new, highly efficient trainer that will be able to serve in the training syllabus as a basic, advanced and LIFT trainer thanks to advanced avionics. The L-39NG is based on the aerodynamic concept of the current L-39, but is manufactured using new technologies and contains modern systems.

In 2018, there were several major milestones in the project of the new L-39NG aircraft. At the beginning of the year, Aero launched the assembly line for the first four aircraft the final assembly of the first L-39NG began in the summer 2018. On Friday, October 12, the new aircraft thus could be introduced to the public for the first time during a roll-out ceremony. Even before the end of the year, December 22, 2018 factory test pilots David Jahoda and Vladimír Továrek took off with the L-39NG for the first time. Starting June 2019, this aircraft will be used for flight-testing and other development tests. The second aircraft is designed for static tests, the third for fatigue tests. The fourth aircraft produced will be involved in flight tests. L-39NG certification is planned for the end of 2019.

In addition, in 2018, Aero managed to conclude agreements with three potential customers for the new aircraft. First, in April, it signed an agreement with Senegal Air Forces interested in four aircraft in a light combat configuration. In July, Aero presented two other serious potential customers for the L-39NG. Aero further continued in the intensive promotion of the new aircraft and in negotiations with potential customers on almost every continent.

L-39NG is currently destined for two customers – Czech Pardubice based Flight Training Centre operated by state owned company LOM Praha s.p. and Republic of Senegal. The Flight Training center will procure four aircraft that in pure trainer configuration that will be used for Czech Air Force pilot training. Republic of Senegal contracted with Aero initially for four aircraft in light combat configuration.

Other potential customer where Letter of Intent was signed is SkyTech of Portugal. Aero is running several campaigns in Asia (e.g. Thailand and Philippines) and in CEE region (e.g. Slovakia and Hungary).

Technology Demonstrator of L-39NG is used as a testbed for our own program L-39NG. We can implement and properly test all the technologies that we want to use in our new aircraft later. It is "One of a kind" and Aero bought this L-39 from Ukraine specifically for this mission. The aircraft is built on the legendary airframe of L-39, but we fitted the aircraft with state of the art system avionics, new engine FJ44-4M by Williams International, several changes in cockpit and the external fuel tanks have been substituted by the wet wing technology, which keeps the fuel inside the whole wing.


Appearance

The L-39 Albatros was designed during the 1960s as a replacement for the Aero L-29 Delfín as a cost-effective jet-powered trainer aircraft, which was also capable of performing ground attack missions. It was the first trainer aircraft to be equipped with a turbofan powerplant and was exported to a wide range of countries as a military trainer. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union and the formation of the Russian Air Force in 1991, the newly formed service found itself with hundreds of L-39 aircraft, the majority of which were surplus to their training requirements.

During the pre-title sequence of Tomorrow Never Dies, a pair of armed L-39s were among the stolen equipment for sale at a terrorist arms bazaar somewhere on the Russian border. After the British order a cruise missile strike on the location it is revealed that one of the aircraft is carrying two Soviet SB-5 nuclear torpedos. With several minutes until impact, James Bond rushes to steal the plane - along with its deadly cargo - and narrowly escapes. Pursued by the second L-39, the terrorist co-pilot behind 007 regains consciousness and begins garroting him. Steering with his knees, Bond evades a pair of air-to-air missiles and maneuvers his aircraft below the enemy jet ejecting his unwelcome passenger into, and ultimately destroying, the terrorist L-39. His mission complete, Bond sets course for home.


Aero L-39CM Albatros

This post has not been translated to English yet. Please use the TRANSLATE button above to see machine translation of this post.

Modernizáciu L-39C na L-39CM vykonávali Letecké opravovne Trenčín (LOT), v rokoch 2002-2006, pričom im boli vymenené zadné časti trupových škrupín (predné časti boli vymenené v 90. rokoch), krídla a prebehla modernizácia avioniky, spojovacích a identifikačných systémov.

Zdroj: www.letectvo.sk

Machine 0111 new registration number has not been received, was the first modernized piece, however, the device remained in metric. For the incompatibility of avionics with the aircraft of the air forces is from 2004 stored.
Currently, the only fly three L-39CM (5252, 5253, and 5301), the other two were in 2011 decommissioned. These three active Albatrosses passed in the 2012 general repair, in which they have received a new grey camouflage. This is made up of shades of FS 36270 Medium Grey and FS 36118 Gunship Grey on the upper surfaces, the lower surfaces are in the color of FS 36375 Light Compass Ghost Grey. Part of the bottom surfaces is a silhouette of the cabin in the shade of FS 36118. Surface anti-glare are matte shade FS 36270 Medium Grey. Aircraft 5301 plus carries the black accessories in the hue RAL 9017 and is affixed with the annual drawing of the SOP on the occasion of 90 years of major general Otto Smika.


Contents

In the pre-credits sequence Bond is infiltrating a terrorist arms bazaar and tries to get away in this fighter plane which is carrying "Soviet SP-5 nuclear torpedoes" before the area is hit by a Royal Navy cruise missile.

Another Aero L-39 goes after him but Bond ejects his rear seat passenger (who tries to strangle him) into it, causing it to blow up.


Aero L-39 Albatros

Following its great success with the L-29 Delfin, the Aero team at Vodochody worked closely with the Soviet Union is planning the L-39 second-generation trainer, which first flew on 4 November 1968.

Entering service in 1974, the L-39 is especially noted for its robust and fuel-efficient Soviet turbofan engine. The cockpits are slightly staggered and contain zero height/150 km/h (93 mph) rocket-assisted ejection seats. Fuel is housed in five rubber cells in the fuselage and small non-jettisonable tiptanks. Double-slotted flaps are fitted, and the levered-suspension main gears are stressed for impact at high rates of descent.

By 2000, in excess of 2 800 L-39s of all versions had been built. Variants include the L-39V target tug, L-39ZA Ground-attack/reconnaissance, L-39ZO weapons trainer and L-39MS versions. This latter was developed as the L-59, a far more capable machine with a more powerful engine, strengthened airframe and upgraded avionics.

AS well as the Czech and Slovak air forces, the L-59 has also been delivered to the Egyptian and Tunisian air arms. The L-59 in turn was further developed into the even more capable L-159. This machine, flown as a single-seater from the front cockpit in the same manner as the L-39ZA, is a dedicated fighter lead-in trainer and light-attack platform. Its 28.02-kN AlliedSignal ITEC F124-GA-100 turbofan bestows a performance between 30 and 100 per cent better than that of the L-39C. Avionics include an EFIS cockpit and HOTAS control and HUD, while the pilot sits on a zero/zero ejection seat and the aircraft carries additional internal fuel. A comprehensive weapons compatibility is included. The 72 aircraft on order for the Czech air force are set to be key warplanes within that country's inventory.


History

Aero - továrna létadel (Aero - the aircraft factory) in Prague, has its roots in the period immediately following the creation of the independent Czechoslovak Republic in 1918. On January 11, 1919, a preliminary agreement establishing the new limited liability company was signed. The date of registration with the Companies Court - February 25, 1919 - can be considered as the founding date.

The new company, which focused on production of aircraft, aircraft parts and aircraft repairs, was soon followed by two other companies - the state owned Letov and the private Avia. However, Aero was the strongest of the three for a long time considering the size of workforce as well as the production output.

After repairs of a number of imported aircraft types started, a prototype of the first in-house type (Aero A-1) was built in the Brandenburg shape. An order from the Ministry of Defense for series production of this test-proven military prototype soon followed. The new introductory type was designed for pilot training - a typical product of much more distant future!

  • 1919 Aero - továrna létadel (Aero – Aircraft Factory) founded in Prague
  • 1919 A-1, first in-house designed military training aircraft
  • 1921 A-10, first in-house designed civil airliner

Expansion

More powerful training aircraft types followed, and after production had been moved to new facilities in the Prague district of Vysočany, the basis for a new family of reconnaissance, bomber and training biplanes was laid down by the Aero A-11 and A-12. Military pilots soon became famous for braking records and winning races in Aero aircraft. Aero, at that time a private enterprise owned by Dr. Vladimir Kabeš, became the main contractor for the Ministry of Defense and the Ministry of Public Works (civil aviation).

First foreign customers soon followed the suit, starting with Finland. Between the two world wars, Aero achieved a number of Czechoslovak firsts: the company built a prototype of the first indigenous fighter airplane, designed the first dedicated cabin transport aircraft, the first twin-engine aircraft, the first seaplane with indigenously designed floats, introduced a braced high-wing monoplane and also pioneered a practical design of a wooden cantilever wing structure. An important milestone was the first practical application of a flapped wing (in combination with automatic slat and roll control augmented by spoilers) in mid 1930s, and the use of retractable undercarriage on refined streamlined aircraft and hydraulically operated flaps before the World War II.
Significant manufacturing and technology advancements in all-metal structures came with the commencement of licensed manufacturing of the French Marcel Bloch and Soviet SB-2 twin-engine bombers in the second half of 1930s.

  • 1923 A-11 family of successful military biplanes (bomber and reconnaissance)
  • 1925 De Havilland DH-50 airliner produced under British license
  • 1929 A-34 "Blackbird", first of sport and training light biplanes family
  • 1932 A-100 family, military biplane (bomber and reconnaissance)
  • 1937 MB-200 all-metal bomber produced under French license (Marcel Bloch)
  • 1938 A-304 twin-engine low wing military aircraft
  • 1938 A-300 twin-engine low wing bomber

War Production

The enhanced capabilities of the company were fully utilized and later developed during the German occupation, when Aero produced stressed-skin semi-monocoque structures with full jigging for reconnaissance and training missions (Focke-Wulf Fw 189 and Siebel Si 204).

  • 1939 C4/C-104 (Bucker Bu-131 Jungmann) training and aerobatic biplane
  • 1943 C-3 (Siebel Si-204D) twin-engine military aircraft

Prelude to Future

Immediately after the war ended, the nationalized Aero continued in the production and repairs of aircraft. Modified German aircraft types were manufactured for the Czechoslovak Air Force as well as civil aviation. Shortly after the war, a new remarkable indigenous type had been introduced - the high-performance, twin-engine, all-metal Aero 45 four-seater.

Jet Age

In 1953, new facilities designed entirely for jet aircraft production were built in Vodochody and started operation in the same year. The production, in which several Czechoslovak aviation plants were involved, focused on a large-scale series production of MiG-15 aircraft built under a license and its derivatives. The supersonic MiG-19 and MiG-21 aircraft were manufactured by Aero through the 1960s and 1970s, paving the way in production capabilities to indigenous jet trainer programs - the L-29 Delfin and the L-39 Albatros.

  • 1953 Aero moved from Prague to new facilities in Vodochody
  • 1954 Maiden flight of first MiG-15 jet fighter built under Soviet license (3,405 aircraft delivered 1954-1962)
  • 1958 Maiden flight of MiG-19 Farmer supersonic fighter built by Aero under Soviet license (103 aircraft delivered 1958-1962)

Indigenous Jet Trainers

In the second half of the 1950s, the need for jet trainer aircraft became more and more urgent. Concentrated efforts in developing an optimized airframe and indigenous jet engine within the Czechoslovak aircraft industry resulted in the maiden flight of the L-29 in 1959.

The definitive step on Aero's way to mass production of jet trainers took place in Summer 1961 near Moscow: the L-29 Delfin won comparative testing of three different prototypes and was declared the most suitable trainer in Eastern Bloc countries. Production and deliveries continued smoothly for the ten following years, after which the second generation, a more powerful and more efficient L-39 had been developed. Production of the L-39 occupied Aero's workshops and assembly halls during 1970s and 1980s. A number of air forces around the world still utilize the excellent tutoring quality of this affordable airplane. The L-39 Albatros family expanded considerably in the course of time, forming a perfect basis for further development.

  • 1959 Maiden flight of L-29 Delfin (Dolphin), first in-house designed jet trainer (3,500 aircraft delivered 1963-1974)
  • 1962 Maiden flight of MiG-21 Fishbed supersonic fighter built by Aero under Soviet license (194 aircraft delivered 1962-1972)
  • 1968 Maiden flight of L-39 Albatros in-house designed jet trainer (more than 2,900 aircraft delivered 1971-1999)

Modern Combat and Training System

The advent of 1990s brought incorporation of Western avionics and standards as well as the use of more powerful American engines and global equipment, and with it a start of a new chapter in the life of the company.

The L-59 Super Albatros combines design characteristics and experience of the L-39 Albatros family with a new powerful engine, advanced avionics (including head-up display), improved airframe and other systems. The first flight of the L-59 was carried out in 1986 and produced in a number of 80 units.

The L-159 Combat & Training System includes the L-159 advanced training and light combat aircraft, integrated logistic support, mission planning and debriefing and ground based training system.

  • 1986 Maiden flight of L-39MS in-house jet trainer, for export designated L-59 Super Albatros (60 aircraft delivered 1992-1996)
  • 1997 Maiden flight of L-159 advanced light combat aircraft (72 aircraft delivered to Czech Air Force)

Civil Program

In the 1990s, Aero commenced works on the multi-purpose aircraft type L270, which was intended to replace the Antonov An-2 forming the base of the fleet of utility aircraft of the countries of former Eastern block.

Further development of the project was however limited and conditioned by workload of the employees of technical section and insufficiency of financial means allocated for this project.
In the second half of 1990s, Aero started to seek a partner for further continuation of the L270 project. This search was successfully crowned in the year 1997 by establishing the Ibis Aerospace Limited (IBIS) joint venture and by signature of the joint venture contract with the company Aerospace Industrial Development Corporation (AIDC) from Taiwan, both parties participating with 50%. The L270 aircraft was renamed the Ae 270.
Successful maiden flight of the aircraft was performed in summer 2000. In the year 2005, the Ae 270 achieved the EASA Type Certificate and in 2006 the Type Certificate from the FAA.

  • 1997 Joint Venture established between Aero and AIDC Taiwan for the Ae 270 aircraft development and production
  • 2000 First production L-159 delivered to Czech Air Force
  • 2000 Maiden flight of Ae 270 civil utility aircraft

New Cooperation Programs

Since 2000, Aero started cooperation with several world aircraft manufacturers as a Tier 1 or Tier 2 supplier. Already in 2000, the company got involved in production of Sikorski S-76 helicopter - Aero produces fully assembled and equipped helicopter airframes ready for installation of dynamic parts. Since then, Aero gained several contracts for production of various assemblies and sub-assemblies. In 2007, central european investment group Penta became the sole shareholder of Aero.

  • 2000 Production of S-76 helicopter for Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation launched
  • 2000 Production of Boeing 757 passenger door polished skins launched
  • 2001 Production of F/A-18 gun bay door for Boeing St. Louis launched
  • 2001 Production of Boeing 767 fixed leading edges kits started for BAE SYSTEMS (today Spirit AeroSystems)
  • 2002 Maiden flight of L-159B advanced trainer
  • 2004 Delivery of L-159 aircraft to Czech Air Force completed
  • 2004 Boeing ceased to be strategic partner of Aero
  • 2005 Ae 270 achieved EASA Type Certificate
  • 2005 Aero signed a long-term agreement on Czech Air Force L-159 fleet follow-on support
  • 2006 Ae 270 achieved FAA Type Certificate
  • 2007 Private equity group Penta became a sole shareholder of Aero
  • 2007 Advanced light combat aircraft L-159T1 delivered to Czech Air Force
  • 2007 Production of centre-wing box for C-27J Spartan for Alenia Aeronautica launched
  • 2008 Production of Embraer 170/190 door subassemblies for Latecoere launched
  • 2008 Signed contract for delivery of JAS-39 Gripen pylons for Saab

Risk-sharing partnership with global OEMs

The combination of historical experience and focus on the design led to signing very important risk-sharing contracts.

In 2009, Aero has signed its historically first international risk-sharing project with Belgian company SONACA to design, develop and produce fixed leading edge of new and innovative Bombardier CSeries aircraft.

Two years later, during LAAD in Rio de Janeiro, Aero could announce another major succes - it has signed a contract with Embraer, world 3rd biggest aircraft manufacturer. Aero and Embraer became partners in design, development and production of new multipurpose military transport aircraft KC-390.

Aero is responsible for developing and production of fixed leading edge and for production of all cabin doors, cargo ramp and rear fuselage. This means Aero takes a part on a great part of this aircraft. Thanks to these two contracts, Aero entered the first class in aviation.

  • 2009 Contract with SONACA for design and production of FLE for CSeries signed
  • 2010 Aero signed contract for manufacturing UH-60M Black Hawk cockpits for Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation
  • 2011 Start of partnership of Aero and Embraer in design, development and production of new multipurpose military transport aircraft KC-390
  • 2011 The first cockpit of UH-60M Black Hawk delivered to Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation.
  • 2011 Contract with Messier-Bugatti-Dowty extended of main landidng gears for Airbus A320
  • 2012 New composite shop of 5400 m 2 opened
  • 2012 Aero signed contract for delivery of cockpits for Sikorsky S-70i Black Hawk to PZL Mielec and started the production already the same year
  • 2013 New contract with Alenia Aermacchi for production of fuselage panels for Airbus A321

Relaunch of production of proprietary aircraft

In 2014, Aero decided to launch development of a new jet trainer. The new aircraft builds on a tradition of the most successfull training jet aircraft in the world, L-39 Albatros, so the new project was named L-39NG.

Besides design and development of the brand new aircraft, Aero started integration of Williams engine to the airframe of existing L-39 aircraft. That can allow current operators of L-39s to extend service life of their aircraft. The integration went smoothly and already in September 2015, demonstrator of reengined L-39 successfully performed its maiden flight.

In 2014, Aero also signed two contracts for deliveries of L-159 aircraft to US company Draken International, provider of military training, and to Iraqi air force. As a part of contract with Iraq, Aero restored production of L-159 aircraft and also restarted marketing of the aircraft.


The L-39NG multi-role aircraft is an extensive modernisation of the L-39 Albatros jet trainer / ground attack aircraft. It features a lighter and stronger airframe incorporating improved aerodynamics, and selected L-39/159 spares and off-the-shelf components. The redesigned airframe offers a fatigue life of up to 15,000 flight hours.

The L-39 Albatros is a two seat, single engine aircraft designed and manufactured by Aero Vodochody for the Czechoslovakian Air Force.

The rugged design incorporates redesigned wet wings with integral fuel tanks and power-assisted ailerons. The fuel tanks are installed with a single-point pressure refuelling system. The L-39NG is also equipped with nose wheel steering, debriefing system, wide track undercarriage, low-pressure tyres, an in-built health and usage monitoring system, and a variety of optional equipment.

The aircraft measures 12.03m in overall length and has a wing span of 9.56m. It has an empty weight of 3,100kg, maximum take-off weight of 6,300kg and landing weight of 5,800kg. It is capable of carrying maximum external payloads of up to 1,200kg. The internal and external fuel capacities are 1,450kg and 570kg respectively.

The L-39NG requires low maintenance and operation costs, and offers improved corrosion resistance, high reliability and extended endurance.


Aero L-39 Albatros (2 of 7) - History

The Aero L-39 Albatros is a high-performance jet trainer aircraft developed in Czechoslovakia to meet requirements for a &ldquoC-39&Prime (C for cvičný &ndash trainer) during the 1960s to replace the L-29 Delfín. It was the first of the second-generation jet trainers, and the first turbofan-powered trainer produced, and was later updated as the L-59 Super Albatros and as the L-139 (prototype L-39 with engine Garrett TFE731). The design is still produced in an evolved state as the L-159 ALCA, while more than 2,800 L-39s still serve with over 30 air forces around the world. The Albatros &ndash the most widely used jet trainer in the world &ndash is versatile, seeing duty in light-attack missions as well as in basic and advanced pilot training.

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Aero L-39 Albatros


Aero L-39 Albatros

The Aero L-39 Albatros is a high-performance jet trainer developed in Czechoslovakia by Aero Vodochody. It was designed during the 1960s as a replacement for the Aero L-29 Delfín as a principal training aircraft. It was the first trainer aircraft to be equipped with a turbofan powerplant. The type was exported to a wide range of countries as a military trainer.

The L-39 Albatros later served as the basis for the updated L-59 Super Albatros, as well as the L-139 (prototype L-39 with Garrett TFE731 engine). A further development of the design, designated as the L-159 ALCA, entered production in 1997. To date, more than 2,800 L-39s have served with over 30 air forces around the world. The Albatros is the most widely used jet trainer in the world in addition to performing basic and advanced pilot training, it has also flown combat missions in a light-attack role. The design never received a NATO reporting name.

At the Farnborough Airshow in July 2014, Aero Vodochody announced the launch of the L-39NG, an upgraded and modernised version of the L-39.

This article is an extract from the Wikipedia article "Aero L-39 Albatros", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0


Watch the video: Sebart mini L-39 Albatros u0026 Freewing L-39 Albatros (June 2022).


Comments:

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  2. Akinozshura

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  3. Wulfcot

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  4. Kendryek

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  5. Zacchaeus

    Yes, it is solved.



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